Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites

Sites that can be seen on Fort McAllister's Nature Trail:



Explore Georgia's colonial coast Birding Trail and spot one of these vibrant songbirds illuminating the rich green landscape. True frequent fliers, painted buntings migrate thousands of miles each year from coastal habitat in Georgia and Florida to Central America.

The Painted Bunting is just one of the hundreds of birds that can be sighted along Georgia's coast. In fact, 75 percent of all bird species found in Georgia can be seen on the Coastal Birding Trail. From wading birds to terns, rails, pelicans, ducks and gulls, hundreds of winged wonders and excellent viewing opportunities abound on Georgia's Colonial Coast Birding Trail.

Description: Fort McAllister saw considerable Civil War action during General William T. Sherman's March to the Sea. Located on the banks of the Ogeechee River, the site contains a mix of saltmarsh and forested habitats.

Types of Birds: Songbirds, wading birds. waterfowl

Best Birding Seasons: Song (all), wading birds (all), waterfowl (winter)

Specialties: Painting Bunting, Owls, Wading Birds, Bald Eagle, Osprey

Tips: Painted bunting are most often seen in late spring through summer along the causeway. Look for migrating warblers during spring and fall migrations. Bald eagles are most often seen during winter. Ospreys are most often seen in spring and summer. Look for northern harriers winging low over the marsh in winter.

For more information on the Painted Bunting and many other birds please visit the Georgia Department of Natural Resources' official website at:
Clapper Rail
Carolina Chickadee
House Wren
Carolina Wren
Blue Jay
Downy Woodpecker

Flicker Woodpecker

Red Headed Woodpecker
Pileated Woodpecker
Fish Crow
Yellow Rumped Warbler
Pine Warbler
Chuck-will's Widow
American Woodcock
Red Winged Blackbird
Painted Bunting
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Purple Martin
Chimney Swift
Loggerhead Shrike


Brown Thrasher
Cedar Waxwing
Tufted Titmouse
Belted Kingfisher
Great Blue Heron
Little Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Cattle Egret
Wood Duck
Wood Stork
Brown Pelican
Turkey Vulture
Black Vulture
Barred Owl
Screech Owl
Red Tailed Hawk
Great Horned Owl
Bald Eagle
Swallow-tailed Kite
Mississippi Kite
American Kestrel
Red Shouldered Hawk
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Coopers Hawk



Redbay Persea borbonia can be recognized by the fragrance of its leaves when crushed. These are the traditional "bay leaves" used in cooking. Birds eat the round, shiny blue-black fruit. These evergreen shrubs or small trees range throughout most of the eastern half of the United States.
American Holly Ilex opaca The green, prickly foliage, and red berries of this evergreen tree are a popular source of holiday decorations in the United States. The white, fine-textured wood is a favorite for inlay design, and the berries are consumed by a variety of birds and mammals. The American Holly ranges north to Massachusetts, west to Texas, and south to central Florida.
White Oak Querus alba This deciduous oak is recognizable by its shaggy, grey bark, and its leaves with their five rounded lobes. The wood is of outstanding quality; a favorite for barrel-making. This classic oak ranges throughout the eastern half of the United States, west to Texas, south to northern Florida.
Live Oak Querus virginiana The curvaceous, broad limbs, and remarkable integrity of the timber produced from this evergreen oak made it a first choice for ship-building in the past. This nation's first public timber lands (ca. 1799) were purchased to preserve the trees for this purpose. They range close to the coast from southern Virginia to South Florida, west to Texas. The profile of the Live Oak contributes greatly to the charm of the coastal South.
Cabbage Palmetto Sabal palmetto This area native is the northernmost palm in the New World. Young trees can be distinguished from the very similar Saw Palmetto by their smooth, not toothed, stems and their very large, arched leaved. The trunks were historically used for dock pilings, as they are very resistant to sea worms. They range from southern North Carolina, south to Florida Keys, west to Florida panhandle. Not known to occur naturally over 75 miles from the coast.

Saw Palmetto Serenoa repens Occasionally growing a treelike trunk of up to twenty feet, the Saw Palmetto usually remains in shrub form. It can be recognized by its flat, fan-shaped leaves with toothed stems. Well-adapted to life in Georgia's pine forests as they are exceptionally resistant to fire.

Southern Red Cedar Juniperus siliciola This evergreen is famous for the extraordinary rot-resistant and pleasing odor of the lumber it produces. Its juicy fruit are consumed by various wildlife including the Cedar Waxwing, so named for this habit. The Latin species name means "growing in sand," as opposed to its close cousin, Eastern Redcar, which grows further inland. Range is North Carolina, south to Florida, and west to East Texas, chiefly near the coast.
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua This large, fast-growing tree can be identified by its star-shaped, saw-toothed leaves which give off a unique, resinous odor when crushed, and its one inch, prickly, round fruit. The sap of the tree was at one time used medicinally, as well as for chewing gum. This deciduous tree ranges from southern Connecticut, south to central Florida and west to east Texas.
Laurel Oak Querus laurifolia This nearly evergreen oak is named for its resemblance to the Grecian Laurel of the Mediterranean region. Its acorns are a diet staple for a wild range of wildlife. It ranges from south Virginia to south Florida, west to Texas, not straying far into the interior of the county.
Southern Red Oak Querus falcate These deciduous oaks are actually a sub-species of Red Oak called pagodifolia, differentiated by their wedge-shaped leaf bases. This variety is common in the bottom-lands of the southeastern coastal plan, north to Virginia, west to Texas.
Sparkleberry Vaccinium arboreum This is the tallest of the blueberry genus, recognized by its smooth bark, contorted branches, bell-shaped flowers, and shiny black berries. Deciduous, but persisting through fall and sometimes winter. The blue-berry like fruit are readily consumed by wildlife. Ranges throughout the southeast quadrant of the United States.
Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora The large, green leaves and huge, fragrant flowers of this evergreen have become an unmistakable symbol of the South. The egg-shaped fruit with their bright red seeds can be found among the thick leaf litter. This species ranges naturally from eastern North Carolina to central Florida, west to east Texas. It can be found as an ornamental as far north as Philadelphia. Take a guess what the Latin name means!



American Alligator
Corn Snake
Green Tree, Leopard and other frogs
Black Racer
Toads, Salamanders (various)
Hognose Snake
Mud Box Turtle, Diamond Back Terrapin
Eastern Diamond Back Rattlesnake
Rough Green Snake
Scarlet Snake
Timber Rattlesnake







Garter Snake

Southern Copperhead
Coral Snake
Florida and Scarlet Kingsnake
Grey and Yellow Rat Snake
Rainbow Snake



Grey Fox
Marsh Rice Rat
Bottlenose Dolphin
Mink, Weasel
Whitetail Deer
Flying Squirrel
Cottontail Rabbit
Grey Squirrel
Opossum (marsupial)
Brown Bat



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